Melasma is a widespread skin disorder that manifests in all types of people as headless, uniform hues ranging from pale to dull brown. Melasma is rare among men, but it negatively affects the look and feel of women.
Male Melasma is a common skin disorder that appears as uneven, symmetrical pigmentation that ranges in color from light to dark brown and is often found on the face and other sun-exposed areas. Sun exposure, hormones, and other variables are frequently to blame for skin pigmentation. Anyone of any race or gender can develop melasma, but women are more prone to do so. In any case, melasma affects men’s levels of personal satisfaction less favorably than it does women.
There are numerous in-depth studies on melasma in women, but few studies on the clinical pathology and treatment options in men. Melasma, however, typically shows up in both men and women in a similar way. Nonetheless, there are still some differences in the clinical presentation, pathogenesis, and therapy of melasma in men. Hyperpigmentation on exposed regions like the face may cause patients to worry about their looks and quality of life.
causes of melasma in men No reason is currently understood. Yet, some of the most prevalent causes may also be influenced by genetics, hormonal impacts, and sun exposure. Moreover, Fitzpatrick skin types IV through VI, as well as Asian, African, and American men with a dark complexion, were found to have a higher prevalence of melasma. The higher prevalence of melasma among Indian men may also be due to the tropical climate and darker skin tone of India. Males are more susceptible to getting melasma if they:
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normal exposure to the sun
Regular sun exposure is a common cause of hyperpigmentation, which activates the production of dark melanin and causes melasma. where melanin, the skin’s natural sunscreen, protects the skin from damaging UV radiation. Too much sun exposure might sabotage this process and lead to hyperpigmentation.
UV light speeds up the proliferation and activity of melanocytes, resulting in epidermal pigmentation, which is more obvious on sun-exposed skin (UVA and UVB). This hypothesis is further supported by the fact that melasma frequently gets better in the winter and gets worse in the summer. Moreover, high-altitude and tropical locations have unusually high infection rates.
genetic and congenital conditions
Congenital and genetic conditions A prominent risk factor for melasma is its genetic etiology, which includes a familial propensity. As a result, twins have been found to have melasma, indicating a hereditary basis for the condition. Many studies also show that melasma runs in families, affecting moms, siblings, aunts, uncles, and cousins, among other close relatives.
Studies on the relationship between genes and melanomas have not yet been conducted. Different inherited inclinations in different studies and populations may be the result of multiple causes of melasma, suggesting that disease progression may be related to hormonal control of melasma. the impact of generation on the environment
WHAT IS MELASMA, EXPLAINED? Age 2.3 Mechanism of Melasma Production As we age, the signs of skin aging become more obvious, and the number of melanin-producing cells declines, while the remaining cells enlarge and concentrate in a smaller region of the skin. The proliferation of age spots in people older than 40 years old is explained by these physiological changes.
imbalance of hormones
Melasma is a special type of hyperpigmentation that is mostly brought on by hormonal factors. Two investigations revealed reduced testosterone levels in Indian males with melasma. A study of these hormones found that men with melasma had higher levels of LH and lower levels of testosterone.
since using drugs
drug abuse In addition to endogenous hormonal variables, melasma has been connected to the use of exogenous hormonal medications or melasma agents. Many cases of skin discoloration following chemical therapy. Finasteride is known to increase testosterone, which in turn causes melasma to appear.
The development of melasma is also correlated with the use of medications and cosmetics that contain photosensitizers. According to an Indian study, males were more prone than women to massage their bodies and hair with mustard oil, and 43.9% of men had melasma. Moreover, 92.6 percent of men with melasma admitted to using perfume, shaving cream, and other cosmetics in the study by Vazquez et al.
due to specific illnesses
Men who have melasma have been identified as having some chronic ailments, such as typhoid, enteritis, and thyroid issues. Moreover, hyperpigmentation can be a complication of several diseases, including gastrointestinal and immune system disorders, metabolic issues, and vitamin deficiencies.
An increase in skin pigmentation can be attributed to burns, chemical exposure, and inflammatory skin disorders such as acne, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis. The skin will turn darker and lose its color after the incision has healed.
In conclusion, men are less likely than women to have melasma, yet it still has a big influence on the patient’s life. Exposure to the sun is one of the main causes of melasma in men if it lasts for a long period. You can visit the dermatology department’s medical facility to have your skin inspected and properly treated. Additional influences include heredity, hormonal imbalances, and the environment.